Shoowa mats are made using a technique of handweaving to create a cut pile velvet similar to carpet. Seemingly random designs are actually intentional hallmarks of their creations.
Raffia palm leaf is perfectly suited to weaving. The leaves are split and fibers are soaked and beaten to soften them, then they are twisted back together for strength.
A Shoowa mat is traditionally always carried by elders in baKuba villages to use as a sitting mat.