Kuba cloth is made using a myriad of techniques including handweaving, applique, embroidery, cut pile velvet (like carpet) and other sewing of embellishments. Seemingly random designs are actually intentional hallmarks of their creations.
Raffia palm leaf is perfectly suited to weaving. The leaves are split and fibers are soaked and beaten to soften them, then they are twisted back together for strength.
It is traditionally worn to show status in baKuba society, traded as money, given as gifts, or even used to pay taxes and debts. The cloth is so important to the Kuba that when a person dies, their raffia cloth is buried with them.